The danger of PM2.5 dust to the “eyes”, the risk of dry eyes, red eyes, blurred vision

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In the condition of PM2.5 dust that is higher than the standard may affect the eyes If you have dry eyes, eye irritation, red eyes, heavy eyelids, eyes that can’t fight the light, blurred vision, you should see an ophthalmologist.

PM2.5 dust damages lungs, damages eyes

Dr. Somsak Ankasil, Director-General of the Medical Department, said that PM2.5 dust that is higher than the standard has affect the respiratory system. It also affects the eyes as well. Which will vary according to the amount of dust in the air. 

This will cause problems related to the skin around the eyes that are exposed to dust. Generally, small dust particles can irritate the eyes. But unusual symptoms such as eye irritation, burning, etc., are usually only short-lived. Does not cause serious harm to the eyes 

It may also cause dry eyes. or conjunctivitis which, if it is too much, can cause red eyes in those who are allergic to the eyes or in contact lens users, there may be more severe symptoms such as redness, itching, irritation, and eye irritation. If you rub your eyes, it can cause Corneal inflammation or ulceration If there are any abnormalities in the eyes You should see an ophthalmologist immediately.

PM2.5 dust, an invisible danger

Dr. Apichai Sirakuljira, director of Metta Pracharak Hospital (Wat Rai Khing), add that PM 2.5 is a dust that is small and has a diameter of no more than 2.5 microns. That cannot be seen with the naked eye. Which these dust gathered a lot will make it look like a faint mist Or smoke that can affect the respiratory system causing irritation to the respiratory tract. 

From the situation of COVID- 19 that it is necessary to wear a mask during this period, a mask should be added that can filter PM 2.5 dust more layers. 

Dr. Sudawadee Somboonthanakij, an ophthalmologist, added that In the situation of PM2.5 dust. That is higher than the standard affects the respiratory system It also affects and affects the eyes as well. This results in symptoms of red eyes. People with eye allergies can have very severe symptoms. And in contact lens users, there will be more dry eyes, eye irritation and burning eyes. 

How to protect your eyes from PM2.5 dust 

  1. Avoid outdoor activities during the PM 2.5 dust levels in excess of the standard. 
  2. avoid rubbing your eyes If eye irritation is caused by PM 2.5 dust. To use artificial tears to add moisture and partially wash away the irritant. 
  3. If there is a lot of irritation in the eyes from allergies to dust or very inflamed conjunctivitis. should see an ophthalmologist For people with allergies in the eye area 
  4. When being in an area with PM 2.5 dust that exceeds the standard Eyeglasses. With rims on the sides and top should be worn to reduce the amount of PM 2.5. That will come into contact with the eyes. 
  5. in people who use contact lenses If there is eye irritation cause by PM 2.5 dust. Contact lenses should be avoid, especially during the period when the amount of PM 2.5 dust exceeds the standard. Should use glasses instead of wearing contact lenses during this period. Because wearing contact lenses may increase irritation. And there is a risk of infection in the eyes. 
  6. If you have more serious eye problems, such as very red eyes, heavy eyelids, or blurred vision, you should see an ophthalmologist.